Fayol was a French mining engineer, administrator and management theorist. During his tenure with the French mining company Commentry-Fourchamboult-Decazeville he began as an engineer, worked his way through the management ranks and eventually became the managing director from 1888 to 1918. During his tenure as managing director he wrote articles on administration and the management of people.
The 14 Principles of Management
The Five Elements
Henri Fayol believed that management could be broken down into these five elements:
Prevoyance (Forecasting & Planning) – Looking to the future and constructing a plan of action. (Strategy)
To Organize – To organize both the materials and personnel of the firm.
To Command – Maintaining the productive actions of the employees
To Coordinate – Creating a harmonious environment that unifies the different divisions of work toward a common goal.
To Control – Ensuring that established rule and expressed commands are followed